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1. Fill in the blanks:
1. The Bengal tenancy Act was passed by ---------.
Answer: Lord Hastings
2. The war between the Gurkhas and the English came to an end by the treaty of -----------.
Answer: Sagauli
3. Charter Act of 1813 allowed the missionaries to popularize -------- in India.
Answer: Christianity
4. The Gurkhas were the inhabitants of -----------.
Answer: Nepal
5. The ----------- were the gang of robbers in Central India.
Answer: Pindaris

2. Match the following:

a) Amar Singh  1813
b) Marquess of Hastings Pindari leader
c) Amir Khan   capital of Nepal
d) Kathmandu Gurkha leader
e) Charter Act Governor General


a) Amar Singh  Gurkha leader
b) Marquess of Hastings Governor General
c) Amir Khan   Pindari leader
d) Kathmandu capital of Nepal
e) Charter Act 181

3. Answer in a word:
1. To whom the state of Satara was given?
Answer: Pratab Singh

2. Name the first vernacular newspaper published during the time of Lord Hastings.
Answer: Samachar Patrika

3. Which Act allowed the British missionaries to settle in India?
Answer: Charter Act

4. Who passed the Charter Act of 1813?
Answer: British Government

4. Answer briefly:

1. What are the provisions of the Charter Act of 1813?
The Charter Act of 1813 renewed the trading rights of the East India company for another twenty years. The company was deprived of its monopoly to trade with India. The British Government allotted one lakh rupees every year for the development of education in India. The Act made provisions for the appointment of a Bishop and three Arch Deacons [Priests] to look after the welfare of the Europeans in India. The British merchants and missionaries were allowed to settle in India after getting license from the Borad of Control.

2. Give the importance of the Charter Act?
The monopoly of the company’s trade came to an end. The missionaries preached Christanity. Western education was provided to the Indians.

3. What were the causes of Gurkha war?
The Gurkhas of Nepal were a great challenge to British. They captured Sheoroj and Butwal in 1814. The British regarded it as a challenge and declared war on them. The English defeated the Gurkha leader Amarsingh. The Gurkhas were compelled to sign the treaty of Sagauli in 1816 with English. Thus the war came to an end.

4. Explain about Pindari war?
The Pindaris were the gang of robbers in Central India. The important leaders of the Pindaris were Amirkhan, Wasil Muhammad, Karim Khan and Chettu. Hastings sent a huge army to subdue the pindaris. Thus Hastings exterminated the pindaris and relieved the people of Central India from their sufferings.

5. Explain the causes of fourth Anglo Maratha War?
The Marathas were jealous of the growing power of the English. Peshwa Baji Rao II tried to form a confederacy of all the Maratha Chiefs against the English. In 1817 the Peshwa attacked the British residency at Pune. It resulted in Fourth Anglo-Maratha war. At last the Marathas were completely defeated.

6. What was the result of fourth Anglo Maratha War?
The office of the Peshwa was abolished. Baji Rao II was paid an annual pension of 8 lakh rupees. The small kingdom of Satara was created and one of the descendants of Chatrapathi Shivaji, Pratab Singh was placed on the throne. Thus the mighty Maratha power lost its power. The British became the paramount power in India.

7. Write a note on reforms of Marquess of Hastings?
Hastings passed the Bengal Tenancy Act in 1822 to protect the interests of the tenants. He took efforts to promote education among the people. In 1817 a college was opened in Calcutta for the development of the English Language. He removed the restrictions on the press. The first vernacular (Regional) newspaper ‘Samachar Patrika’ was published. He appointed Indians to higher posts in administration. During his period the Ryotwari system of revenue collection was introduced in the Madras Presidency. It was a settlement between the ryots and the British. This system made ryot the owner of the land as long as he paid the revenue without default.

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