The powerful empire which was established in India after the decline of the Mauryans were the Kushans. The Kushans were the people who belonged to the Yueh-chi tribe. During the 1st century AD Kadphises I established the kingdom of Kushana in the North West part of India.
After the death of Kadphises II, Kanishka (AD 78 - 101) captured the throne. He was considered as the most powerful king of Kushans. He marched to pataliputra and subdued Saka Satraps. He fought with the Chinese twice. He was defeated by the Chinese commander-in-chief Panchao in the first expedition. In the second war, he won and annexed Kashgar, Yarqand, Khotan and the parts of central Asia with his Empire. He created a new capital called Purushapuram.
The Gandhara art which combined the Indo-Greek style made new statues of Buddha and Bodhisatvas.
Kanishka was called Asoka II because of the involvement and the steps he took for the spread of Buddhism.
The famous astrologer and mathematician, Aryabhatta, Varahamihira, the famous physicians Saragar, Susurudar and Dhanvantari belonged to the Gupta age. The iron pillar at Mehrauli which is 1500 years old is a specimen of the art of metallurgy that flourished during the Gupta age. So the Gupta period was considered the Golden age.
Practice in Related Chapters
|Village and Cities|
|Economics an Introduction|
|The Earth and the Solar System|
|Society and School|
|Family and Society|
|Jainism and Buddhism|
|Rotation and Revolution of Earth|
|Local Self Government|
|Pre - Historic Period|
|Indus Valley Civilization|
|Maps and Globes|
|Ancient Tamil Nadu|