|India People Economy
1. Mention the challenges faced by independent India.
Independent India faced three kind of challenges. They are
2. How state boundaries were drawn during the colonial rule?
During colonial rule, the state boundaries were drawn either on administrative convenience or simply coincided with territories annexed by the British government or the territories rules by the princely states.
3. Which regions in India are demanding separates states for them?
Telangana in Andhrapradesh, Vidarbha in Maharashtra, Harit Pradesh in western of up and the northern region of west Bengal are demanding states for them.
4. What were the institutional arrangements created by Nehru?
The institutional arrangements created by Nehru were a constitution an elected parliament, a planning commission and an expanding public sector.
5. What was the task of states reorganization commission? What was its most salient recommendation?
The central government has appointed a states Re organization commission in 1953 to look in to the question of redrawing of the boundaries of states. The commission in its report accepted that the boundaries of the state reflect the boundaries of different language. On the basis of its report the states Reorganization Act was passed in 1956.
6. What was the challenge before India after partition and integration of princely states?
The challenge before India after partition and integration of princely states was to drawn the internal boundaries of the Indian states. The boundaries had to be drawn in a way so that the linguistic and cultural plurality of the country could be reflected without affecting the unity of nation.
7. What was the instrument of accession?
Before 15th August 1947 peaceful negotiations had brought almost all the states whose territories were contigous to the new boundaries of India in to the Indian union, the rulers of most of the states signed document called the instrument of accession.
8. What is princely state?
A Princely state was by name an independent unit of British rule in India that was not directly governed by the British, but rather by an Indian ruler under a form indirect rule such as suzerainty or paramountcy.
9. What is Rehabilitation?
The restoration of some one to a useful place in society or indirection of a person's character and re- establishment of that persons reputation.
10. Who is a refugee?
A refugee is a person who flees for refuge or safety, especially to a foreign country, as in time of political upheaval, economic hardships, war and etc.
11. What is the name of first speech by Jawaharlal Nehru?
The name of first speech by Jawaharlal Nehru was nominated as tryst with destiny.
12. Which there by was advanced by Muslim league?
Muslim league advanced two nation theory, it was argued by Pakistan that it consisted of two nations.
13. Which states were created on the basis of seperate regional culture or complaints of regional. Imbalance of in development?
Three states jharkand chattisgarh and Uttarachal were created on the basis of separate regional culture or complaints of regional imbalance in development.
14. Which document was signed by the states in which they agreed to become a part of the union of India?
A document called the instrument of accession was signed by the states in which they agreed to be come a part of the union of India.
15. Which is known as Frontier Gandhi?
The undisputed leaders of North western Frontier province khan Abdul Gaffar Khan is known as Frontier Gandhi.
16. Name the states which emrge as separate states in 1972?
Meghalaya manipur and Tripura emerged as separate states in 1972.
17. What was the two nation theory advanced by Muslim League.
Muslim league advanced two nation theory.According to this theory India consisted of not one but two people Hindu and Muslims. That is why it demanded Pakistan as a separate country for the Muslims. The congress opposed this theory and the demand for Pakistan. But several political developments in 1940 s the political competition between the congress and then Muslim league and the British role led to the decision for the creation of Pakistan.
18. What are the princely states?
A princely state was a nominally. Sovereign entity of British rule in India that was not decently government by the British, but rather by an Indian rules under a form indirect such as suzerainty or paramountcy.